ANALISIS POSTUR TUBUH UNTUK MENGHINDARI RESIKO LOW BACK PAIN DENGAN METODE (RAPID ENTIRE BODY ASSESSMENT) REBA DI PT JIY

MELIA, DUWI (2020) ANALISIS POSTUR TUBUH UNTUK MENGHINDARI RESIKO LOW BACK PAIN DENGAN METODE (RAPID ENTIRE BODY ASSESSMENT) REBA DI PT JIY. S1-Sarjana thesis, Universitas Mercu Buana Jatisampurna.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Aktivitas kerja di area pabrik terutama bagian produksi dan bagian gudang memiliki banyak gerak tubuh yang bisa menimbulkan cedera otot dan tulang. Aktivitas kerja yang memiliki resiko masalah kesehatan otot dan tulang juga terdapat di area bagian produksi dan bagian gudang di PT JIY. Banyaknya aktivitas yang menuntut para karyawan untuk selalu bergerak dan banyaknya aktivitas manual handling menjadi alasan utama penyebab adanya resiko kecelakaan kerja atau nyeri otot dan tulang. Di PT JIY para karyawan melakukan pekerjaan masih secara manual, seperti mangangkat barang material dengan berat 250 kg tanpa alat bantu, menuang bahan baku ke reaktor secara manual yang membuat posisi tulang punggung tidak dalam keadaan normal. Sehingga dari keadaan saat ini dilakukan penelitian untuk menentukan postur atau gerak tubuh yang dapat menyebabkan masalah kesehatan otot dan tulang terutama Low Back Pain . Penelitian Low Back Pain ini menggunakan metode Rapid Entire Body Assessment dan Kuesioner Nordic Body Map. Rapid entire Body Assessment adalah metode yang digunakan untuk menilai posisi kerja atau postur leher, punggung, lengan, pergelangan kaki dan kaki karyawan. Sedangkan Nordic Body Map merupakan metode yang digunakan untuk menentukan tingkat keluhan mulai dari tidak sakit sampai sangat sakit. Dalam penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa hampir 90% gerak postur tubuh karyawan saat aktivitas dapat menimbulkan resiko muskoluketel terutama tulang punggung belakang (Low Back Pain) dengan tingkat resiko 8-10 yang masuk dalam katagori tinggi. Dari hasil penelitian yang menyatakan hampir semua postur tubuh dalam aktivitas kerja di bagian produksi dan bagian gudang penyebab terjadinya Low Back Pain sehingga diberikan usulan perbaikan dengan menambahkan alat bantu dan fasilitas kerja untuk karyawan. Kata kunci : Low Back Pain, Manual handling, Aktivitas kerja, Rapid Entire Body Assessment, Nordic Body Map ABSTRACT Work activities in the factory area especially the production section and the warehouse section have a lot of body movements which can cause muscle and bone injuries. Work activities that are at risk of muscle and bone health problems are also found in the production section and warehouse area of PT JIY. The number of activities that require employees to always move and the number of manual handling activities are the main reasons for the risk of work accidents or muscle and bone pain. At PT JIY, employees are still doing work manually, such as lifting materials with a weight of 250 kg without tools, pouring raw materials into the reactor manually which makes the backbone position is not normal. So from the current state of research carried out to determine posture or gestures that can cause muscle and bone health problems, especially Low Back Pain. This Low Back Pain study uses the Rapid Entire Body Assessment method and the Nordic Body Map Questionnaire. Rapid entire Body Assessment is a method used to assess the work position or posture of an employee's neck, back, arms, ankles and legs. While the Nordic Body Map is a method used to determine the level of complaints ranging from not sick to very sick. In this study, it was found that almost 90% of employees' posture during activities can cause muskoluketel risk, especially the backbone (Low Back Pain) with a risk level of 8-10 that is included in the high category. From the results of the study which states that almost all body postures in work activities in the production and warehouse sections cause Low Back Pain so that suggestions for improvement are given by adding tools and work facilities for employees Keywords: Low Back Pain, Manual handling, Work activities, Rapid Entire Body Assessment, Nordic Body Map

Item Type: Thesis (S1-Sarjana)
Call Number CD: FT/IND 19 037
NIM: 41615310004
Uncontrolled Keywords: ow Back Pain, Manual handling, Aktivitas kerja, Rapid Entire Body Assessment, Nordic Body Map
Subjects: 600 Technology/Teknologi > 670 Manufacturing/Manufaktur, Pabrik-pabrik
600 Technology/Teknologi > 680 Manufacture For Specific Uses/Industri Pembuatan produk untuk penggunaan tertentu
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Industri
Depositing User: Nasruddin Mansyur S.Hum
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2020 06:03
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2020 06:03
URI: http://repository.mercubuana.ac.id/id/eprint/57995

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