ANALISIS PENGARUH URBAN HEAT ISLAND TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI GEDUNG DI SHERATON JAKARTA GANDARIA CITY HOTEL

FERNANDO, ANGGARA (2019) ANALISIS PENGARUH URBAN HEAT ISLAND TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI GEDUNG DI SHERATON JAKARTA GANDARIA CITY HOTEL. S1 thesis, Universitas Mercu Buana.

[img]
Preview
Text (HAL COVER)
01_Halaman Judul.pdf

Download (52kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (ABSTRAK)
02_Abstrak.pdf

Download (49kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (LEMBAR PERNYATAAN)
03_Lembar Pernyataan.pdf

Download (155kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (LEMBAR PENGESAHAN)
04_Lembar Pengesahan.pdf

Download (132kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (KATA PENGANTAR)
05_Kata Pengantar.pdf

Download (89kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (DAFTAR ISI)
06_Daftar Isi.pdf

Download (53kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (DAFTAR TABEL)
08_Daftar Tabel.pdf

Download (44kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (DAFTAR GAMBAR)
07_Daftar Gambar.pdf

Download (50kB) | Preview
[img] Text (BAB I)
09_BAB 1.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (58kB)
[img] Text (BAB II)
10_BAB 2.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (275kB)
[img] Text (BAB III)
11_BAB 3.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (99kB)
[img] Text (BAB IV)
12_BAB 4.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (997kB)
[img] Text (BAB V)
13_BAB 5.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (113kB)
[img] Text (DAFTAR PUSTAKA)
14_Daftar Pustaka.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (144kB)
[img] Text (LAMPIRAN)
15_Lampiran.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (403kB)

Abstract

The phenomenon of Urban Heat Island has direct impact on the behavior of buildings and high rise buildings in big cities. Urban Heat Island occurs due to the dominance of artificial materials that accommodate heat (heat storage) in the city area. As urban temperatures rise, buildings get hotter and thus require more energy to cool them down. From the demand for excessive cooling of the room at the same time the rise of city temperature, resulting in higher energy expenditures, in one of the hotel building, Sheraton Jakarta Gandaria City. Urban Heat Island at night will increase as a result of the difference in average cooling edge to peak in the city center. The temperature difference between urban and surrounding villages can reach 12 ° C in metropolitan cities. The intensity or magnitude of the maximum heat island usually occurs at night when the urban area and sub-urban air temperature differences reach maximum. DKI Jakarta, experienced a very rapid growth, especially in the field of industry, physical development (high buildings, settlements, road hardening) and also the population growth. The result of recapitulation of consumption and cost of electric energy during the last 1 year with total electricity consumption of 7.8 million KWH per year and total electricity energy cost of 9.4 billion per year. Overall from the above graphs and tables shows that electricity consumption tends to be stable, although in the period of April and November 2017 there was a slight increase. This happens because many activities such as weddings and exhibitions in the grand ballroom in that period so that electricity consumption becomes higher. The calculation results using Ecotect software as a reference to explain the detail of the results of desin and simulation Software. Keywords: UHI, Efesiensi Energi, Software Ecotect, Metode CLTD. Fenomena Urban Heat Island berakibat langsung terhadap perilaku bangunan dan gedung bertingkat di kota besar. Urban Heat Island terjadi karena dominasi material buatan yang menampung panas (heat storage) di wilayah kota. Dengan naiknya temperatur kota, gedung-gedung juga semakin panas sehingga perlu energi lebih untuk mendinginkannya. Dari permintaan pemakaian pendinginan ruangan yang berlebihan disaat itu juga naiknya temperatur kota, mengakibatkan usaha pengeluaran energi lebih tinggi, disalah satu gedung hotel yaitu Sheraton Jakarta Gandaria City. Urban Heat Island pada malam hari akan meningkat sebagai akibat perbedaan rata-rata pendinginan pinggiran sampai memuncak di pusat kota. Perbedaan suhu antara urban dan desa di sekelilingnya dapat mencapai 12 °C pada kota- kota metropolitan. Intensitas atau besarnya heat island maksimum biasanya terjadi pada saat malam hari dimana perbedaan suhu udara wilayah urban dan sub-urban mencapai maksimum. DKI Jakarta, mengalami perkembangan yang sangat pesat terutama dibidang industri, pembangunan fisik (gedung tinggi, pemukiman, pengerasan jalan) dan juga pertumbuhan penduduknya. Hasil rekapitulasi konsumsi dan biaya energi listrik selama kurun waktu 1 tahun terakhir dengan total konsumsi energi listrik sebesar 7,8 juta KWH per tahun dan total biaya energi listrik sebesar 9,4 Milyar per tahun. Secara keseluruhan dari grafik dan tabel diatas menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi energi listrik cenderung stabil, meskipun pada periode bulan April dan November 2017 terjadi sedikit kenaikan. Hal ini terjadi karena banyak kegiatan seperti pernikahan dan pameran di grand ballroom pada periode tersebut sehingga konsumsi listrik menjadi lebih tinggi. Hasil perhitungan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Ecotect sebagai acuan untuk menjelaskan detail dari hasil desin dan simulasi Software. Kata kunci: UHI, Efesiensi Energi, Software Ecotect, Metode CLTD

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Call Number: ST/13/18/079
NIM: 41313110003
Uncontrolled Keywords: UHI, Efesiensi Energi, Software Ecotect, Metode CLTD
Subjects: 100 Philosophy and Psychology/Filsafat dan Psikologi > 110 Metaphysics/Metafisika > 118 Force and Energy of Metaphysics/Energi Metafisika
300 Social Science/Ilmu-ilmu Sosial > 330 Economics/Ilmu Ekonomi > 333 Economic of Land and Energy/Ekonomi Tanah dan Energi Ekonomis > 333.7 Natural Resources and Energy, Environment/Sumber Daya Alam dan Energi, Lingkungan
300 Social Science/Ilmu-ilmu Sosial > 350 Public Administration and Military Science/Administrasi Negara dan Ilmu Kemiliteran > 354 Administration of Economy/Departemen Perekonomian > 354.4 Administration of Energy and Energy-Related Industries/Administrasi Industri Energi dan Energi
500 Natural Science and Mathematics/Ilmu-ilmu Alam dan Matematika > 530 Physics/Fisika
500 Natural Science and Mathematics/Ilmu-ilmu Alam dan Matematika > 530 Physics/Fisika > 531 Classical Mechanics, Solid Mechanics/Mekanika Klasik, Mekanika Benda Padat > 531.6 Energy/Energi
600 Technology/Teknologi > 690 Buildings/Teknik Bangunan > 696 Energy and Environmental of Building/Pengaturan Energi dan Lingkungan Sekitar Bangunan
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Mesin
Depositing User: Dede Muksin Lubis
Date Deposited: 21 May 2019 03:48
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 03:48
URI: http://repository.mercubuana.ac.id/id/eprint/47976

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item